CIS Alliance for Biosafety
Resolution of the Second Meeting “Biosafety Strategy and Joint Actions in CIS
March 24-27, 2006
Participants of the meeting of the CIS Alliance for Biosafety who are representing ecoNGOs from Armenia, Moldova and Transnistria, Tajikistan, Ukraine and of 4 regions of Russia discussed the current situation in the sphere of biosafety in CIS countries and pointed out the following:
- Biotech industry in the world is developing and quickly becoming a profitable business in economically developed countries. In chase of profit the risks for human health, environment and economic security associated with GMOs are often ignored in our countries.
- Although International community is undertaking some certain measures to attain biosafety (Cartagena Protocol) those mechanisms are insufficient and are being introduced slowly facing serious resistance from some countries and TNCs. Thus there is a need to accelerate the elaboration and realization of the efficient policy and measures, and in CIS countries it should become a priority at national and regional level.
- Some CIS countries do express political will and undertake legislative and institutional measures for creation of national system of biosafety, but it is not enough for today.
None of CIS countries can prevent illegal distribution of GMOs by such measures.
- Corruption and lack of control in the sphere of biosafety make CIS countries practically unprotected from genetic contamination.
Being guided by the principles of free access to environmental information and of public participation in decision making process and by the precautionary principle formulated by Rio Declaration of 1992, participants of the meeting believe that biosafety in CIS region can be reached only if the following conditions are met:
- Further elaboration of national laws for regulation of trade of GMOs and GM food products using positive experience of EU;
- Ratification (by Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan) and implementation on national levels of Cartagena Biosafety Protocol;
- Ratification (by Russia and Uzbekistan) of Aarhus Convention and of annexes (by all CIS countries) which regulate public participation in decision making process for GMO related matters;
- Introduction to national laws of the provisions about GMO free zones and rights of administrative bodies to declare such zones;
- Cooperation among ministries and institutions responsible for different biosafety related matters (ecological, agricultural, sanitary, custom bodies) and involvement of NGOs;
• Creation on national levels of an efficient system of state control over GMOs and their processed products, non dependent from producer; Application of GEF/UNEP projects facilities for providing efficient biosafety measures but not for propaganda of GMOs; transparency of those projects and public participation in them;
- Raising of level of social responsibility of business in relation to GMO issue;
- Interstate cooperation on governmental and non-governmental levels for the sake of biosafety;
- Expression by delegations of CIS countries of a clear and tough position during negotiations related to biosafety (Aarhus convention, Cartagena Protocol, Codex Alimentarius, etc.) aimed to strengthen the efficiency of those documents and protection of citizens’ rights to know and participate in GMO related decision making processes.
Agnessa Sargsyan, Tapan Ecoclub, Armenia
Ilya Trombitsky, Eco-Tiras, Moldova and Transnistria
Ivan Ignatiev, Ecospectrum, Moldova and Transnistria
Leonid Ershov, Berg Educational Foundation, Moldova and Transnistria
Anastasia Idrisova, For Earth, Tajikistan
Olexiy Angurets, Zelenyi Svit/FoE Ukraine, Ukraine
Olga Podosenova, Ural EcoUnion, Russia
Tamara Dobretsova, For the Sake of Life, Russia
Tatyana Artemkina, Green Ray, Ryazan branch of ISEU, Russia
Denis Kopeykin, Anna Kochineva, Tatyana Saksina, Eremurus Club, Russia
Victoria Kopeykina, Eremurus Club, International Socio-Ecological Union, Russia
George Magradze, Friends of the Earth-Georgia, Georgia